A stye is an infection that causes painful swelling on the eyelid. This infection can sometimes cause headaches. In general, eye diseases can cause headaches, so it is known that styes can cause headaches.
What Are the Types of Stye?
There are about 500 different types of styes, including:
Focal styes: Styes that are located in the center of the eyelid
Posterior styes: Styes located on the eyelid that are posterior in size (i.e., can be seen through the eyeball)
Mid-trunk styes: Styes that are located at the lower center of the eye
Sustained styes: Styes that can persist for months or years
Vigorous stye: Styes that are persistent
Mixed stye: Styes that are not classified as focal or posterior in size
Some types of stye are very common.
Treatment for Stye
If you suspect stye, your eye doctor may recommend a prescription drug that works to kill off the stye bacteria. Your doctor will also likely recommend your ophthalmologist examine your eyelid to see if styes are present.
You may also need to use anti-inflammatory eye drops. These can be taken over several weeks and prevent the development of headache when the stye infection is treated properly.
Can My Eyes Get Bruised?
Your doctor can test for stye to determine whether or not your eyes are exposed to stye in the near future. If the stye is present, your eye doctor may prescribe a topical anti-stye drug that will kill off the stye.
While many eyes get infected with stye, it is important to remember that many times, just one type of stye can be extremely contagious in nature. Your eye doctor may recommend that you wear eyeglasses that make it easier for your eyes to see if and how frequently you are exposed to stye. If you wear glasses that are not strong enough to filter out the stye, you can also ask your eye doctor to put on a special sunglasses that will filter out the stye.
Other Treatments for Stye
If your eye doctor suspects stye, he/she will recommend one or more of the following:
Vaccination. One study found that children who had been vaccinated in the past or had a close relative who had been vaccinated were nearly 75 percent less likely to develop stye during their lifetime.
Eye drops. Some doctors prescribe anti-stye eye drops that are effective against styes. These drops may cause some discomfort for some people.
Other treatments not recommended for people with stye include:
Steroid creams. Steroid creams and creams containing acetylsalicylic acid (Anaxid, Dermalogica, Nex-XR, Nufrax) are used to treat stye. Some researchers believe that these products may increase the risk of stye. Some people also report eye irritation, especially if they do not use them correctly. In addition, some steroid creams do not appear to be effective in treating stye.
Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) eye drops. These drops are available as oral suspension or as a dropper used for injections. Some people have reported allergic reactions and swelling when using these drops on their styes.
Eye drops applied to your eyelids. Eyeglass lenses, eye flaps and other eye accessories can reduce the chances of stye. In addition, eyeglass lenses that are not strongly anti-inflammatory, that may reduce the amount of stye on the eye, can help reduce stye risk.
How Long Does My Stye Last?
Stye causes stinging and inflammation in the upper eyelid and can be especially annoying or painful for some people. It is important to understand that stye is not infectious and not as serious as some other eye diseases that are transmitted through airborne particles such as dust mites, pollen, saliva and other airborne dusts. Some stye infections also do not cause pain and do not cause headaches.
Some people may experience persistent stye symptoms that may not become obvious for a month or more. Stye is usually not harmful if left untreated but it should be considered before surgery. If it is treated correctly, the stye can be controlled or prevented with preventative treatments.